Employment status serves as an indicator for the employment rights that an individual is entitled to as part of their job.
For example, employment status impacts upon whether or not an individual is eligible for holiday pay, maternity leave, or workplace benefits etc.
When we consider employment status for rights, there are three categories of employment status that an individual might fit into:
What rights are each category eligible to?
Employed: An employee is afforded the most rights including but not limited to statutory minimum level of paid holiday, statutory parental leave, statutory sick pay, statutory redundancy pay, and protection against unfair dismissal.
Self-employed: Being self-employed means that an individual is their own employer. As such, a self-employed person is not eligible for statutory sick pay, parental leave, or other rights associated with employment. Self-employed individuals are however entitled to certain protections such as against discrimination and for their health & safety.
Worker: A worker has limited rights when compared to an employee. Workers are eligible to a statutory minimum level of paid holiday and National Minimum Wage but are not usually entitled to minimum notice periods, flexible working, or statutory redundancy pay.